Exponential View with Azeem Azhar

Exponential View with Azeem Azhar Podcast

How will the future unfold? What is the impact of technology on business & society? As technology reorders the world in which live, who will be the winners and who will be the losers? Join Azeem Azhar, curator of the Exponential View newsletter, in deep conversation with the world's leading thinkers and practitioners exploring these and other important questions. The views expressed on this podcast are those of its hosts, guests, and callers, and not those of Harvard Business Review.

China’s Technology Transformation with Kai-Fu Lee
Kai-Fu Lee, AI pioneer and investor, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the evolution of China’s vibrant tech sector, the rise of consumer-facing robots, the consequences for labor, and the future of educational technologies....


Silicon Valley Needs a Shakedown with Chamath Palihapitiya
Investor Chamath Palihapitiya joins Azeem Azhar to explore the dysfunctional relationship between capital and companies, why he loves a SPAC (special purpose acquisition company), and why he’s championing a new wave of climate change innovators. Note: Portions of the conversation that had been removed in an earlier version of this episode have been reinstated for greater clarity....

How AI and Genomics Are Reshaping Farming
“The time for vertical farming is here,” says Mike Zelkind, co-founder and CEO of 80 Acres Farms. He joins Azeem Azhar to explore what’s broken in the food supply chain, and how a new breed of high-tech, indoor farms could deliver better, tastier food using a fraction of the resources....

Understanding the Enduring Consequences of Covid-19
Yale professor Nicholas Christakis argues that we can expect this current phase of the Covid-19 pandemic to end in 2022. In conversation with Azeem Azhar, Christakis explains why we need to brace for what comes next....


Should We End the Data Economy?
Ownership of personal data is a form of power – and that power is concentrating in the hands of governments and big tech. Should we be worried? Dr. Carissa Véliz, from the Institute for Ethics in AI at the University of Oxford, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss her new book “Privacy is Power.”...

Facebook’s Tech Chief: How We Built It and Where We’re Going
Facebook’s Chief Technology Officer Mike Schroepfer joins Azeem Azhar to explore how they built the infrastructure powering the social network, why AI and virtual reality are the core of its future, and how the company approaches content moderation....


How GPT-3 Is Shaping Our AI Future
OpenAI stunned the world with the release of the world’s most impressive language-generating AI. OpenAI CEO Sam Altman joins Azeem Azhar to reflect on the huge attention generated by GPT-3 and what it heralds for the future research and development toward the creation of a true artificial general intelligence (AGI)....

Season 4 Finale: Azeem’s Favorite Episodes and Trends to Watch
As we wrap up the season and head off to a short summer break, Azeem Azhar reflects on what he learned from his conversations with technology and business leaders on the podcast -- and how those insights may help us understand where the world is headed....


Reimagining Capitalism for a Broken World
A thriving global economy depends on more than just free markets. Harvard Business School professor Rebecca Henderson offers a fresh vision of purpose-driven capitalism, where companies can make good profits by doing the right thing....

Engineering Biology: The Next Frontier
Drug discovery, novel materials, and genetic engineering are some of the topics under the microscope in Azeem Azhar’s discussion with Andreessen Horowitz general partner Vijay Pande. They explore the extraordinary possibilities that are opening up at the intersection of biology, engineering, and innovation....

Rethinking the Innovation Ecosystem
Starting a company with a stranger is not the traditional path for many entrepreneurs, but this is one of the basic principles of Entrepreneur First (EF), the world’s leading talent investor. Matt Clifford, EF’s CEO and co-founder, joins Azeem Azhar to explain why he invests in founders before they have a business idea and other novel approaches to venture capital and innovation....


Using AI to Decentralize Organizations
As the Covid-19 pandemic forces companies to rethink their workflows and structures, Azeem Azhar speaks with Daniel Hulme, CEO of Satalia, whose company runs as a decentralized swarm. There are no managers, no strict job roles, and no vacation limits. Yet, the company delivers artificial intelligence solutions to its customers. How does it work?...

Empowering Workers in the Digital Future
Companies increasingly use digital systems to hire, fire, and monitor their employees. But who is keeping employers in check? Former union leader and AI ethics expert, Dr. Christina Colclough joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how to empower employees in the digitally-enabled workplace....

Building Better Cities After Covid-19
How do we build better cities after the coronavirus crisis? The World Bank’s Sameh Wahba joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how the World Bank partners with technologists to help cities on the frontline of the pandemic, and how the dynamism of urban density can be harnessed to build the livable and inclusive cities of the future. Note: We updated one sentence in this interview for clarity....


Fei-Fei Li’s Mission to Transform Healthcare AI
After ImageNet transformed AI vision, superstar Stanford computer science professor Fei-Fei Li has turned her attention to advancing healthcare. She joins Azeem Azhar to discuss her new approach to AI development, which incorporates interdisciplinary collaboration and focuses on ethical, real-world impact....

How Nasdaq is Growing the World’s Digital Marketplace
Nasdaq has evolved from being the world’s first digital marketplace to a global technology company. CEO Adena Friedman joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how their digital operation has become the model for markets around the world, the surprising importance of regulation as a driver of innovation, and how Nasdaq prepared to keep functioning during the pandemic lockdown....

The Digital Future of the Supply Chain
The Fung Group coordinates some of the world’s largest and most complex supply chains. Pamela Mar, EVP for Knowledge and Applications at Fung, joins Azeem Azhar to explore how developing digital connectivity can help to counteract the devastating repercussions of the coronavirus pandemic....


Lessons for an Aging World
For the first time in history, there are more people on the planet over 65 years old, than under five. How do we adapt to this demographic transformation? Camilla Cavendish, award-winning journalist and former Director of Public Policy for UK Prime Minister David Cameron, joins Azeem Azhar to explore the immense cost and new potential of this brave old world....

The New Science of Aging
Harvard geneticist David Sinclair joins Azeem Azhar to discuss his pioneering research into the pathways and processes responsible for aging, and the new treatments that could keep us younger for longer....


The Drive to Decarbonize
Ramez Naam, clean energy investor and technologist, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the economic and industrial forces that are accelerating us towards a zero-carbon future, as well as the major challenges that remain....

The Drive to Decarbonize
Ramez Naam, clean energy investor and technologist, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the economic and industrial forces that are accelerating us towards a zero-carbon future, as well as the major challenges that remain....

Inside Alphabet’s X: Nurturing Radical Creativity
Alphabet Inc.’s X (formerly Google X) creates the most daring innovations to tackle the world’s biggest problems. CEO Astro Teller joins Azeem Azhar to explain how he creates a culture of radical creativity and nurtures the audacity to fail....


The Next Trillion-Dollar Market
Softbank Vision Fund Senior Managing Partner, Deep Nishar joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how the confluence of AI, genomics, and automation are opening up new possibilities in biotech and materials science....

Technology Companies and the New Recession
The COVID-19 pandemic will cause an economic crisis never seen before, says equity analyst Pierre Ferragu. He joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how this crisis will affect the technology industry, in particular, in the short and long term....


The Redecentralized Web
Muneeb Ali, co-founder and CEO of Blockstack, a decentralized computing network, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss rebuilding the internet to give control back to users....

Welfare in the Exponential Age
Hilary Cottam, social entrepreneur and author of the acclaimed book, “Radical Help,” joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the future of welfare in the exponential age....

Welfare in the Exponential Age
Hilary Cottam, social entrepreneur and author of the acclaimed book, “Radical Help,” joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the future of welfare in the exponential age....


How Humans Judge Machines
Physicist and author, Cesar Hidalgo joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how understanding knowledge leads to insights on everything from the economic value of megacities to how to moralize machines....

Geopolitics, Technology, and Risk
Geopolitical expert Ian Bremmer joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how the forces of technology are shaping and threatening global stability....


Surviving a Crisis During the Techlash
Renowned crisis manager, lawyer, author, and television producer, Judy Smith, the inspiration for the TV show “Scandal,” joins Azeem Azhar to discuss what tech businesses need to know to stay on top of their reputation in an era of instantaneous news and activist employees....

Superintelligence Already Rules the World
We've already been living with artificial decision-making machines for hundreds of years -- we call them corporations and states. That’s the argument David Runciman makes in conversation with Azeem Azhar in this week’s episode. Runciman is professor of politics at Cambridge University and host of the “Talking Politics” podcast. He and Azeem discuss what this reframing of artificial intelligence can teach us about navigating the hurdles it presents....


Building Unicorns in Europe
Reshma Sohoni, co-founder and managing partner Seedcamp (a seed-stage fund focusing on Europe), joins Azeem Azhar to discuss what it takes to build a thriving startup ecosystem outside Silicon Valley, and how some of Europe’s most successful startups were created....

The State of Nanotechnology
One of the leading pioneers in the field of nanotechnology, physicist Sonia Contera joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how advances in biology, computing, and physics are bringing about another tech revolution that will change our lives....

Cybersecurity in the Age of AI
Nicole Eagan, CEO of Darktrace, one of the world’s leading cybersecurity firms, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how artificial intelligence is opening a new battlefield for hackers, governments, and private companies alike....


Growth and the Energy Transition with Vaclav Smil
Vaclav Smil, preeminent expert on energy history and development, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss what is required for our fossil fuel-dependent civilization to transition to a sustainable energy system....

AI, Accountability, and Power
Meredith Whittaker, co-director of the AI Now Institute and one of the organizers of the Google Walkout in 2018, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how discrimination and bias are influencing the development of artificial intelligence, and how tech workers are working to change their industry for the better....

AI, Accountability, and Power
Meredith Whittaker, co-director of the AI Now Institute and one of the organizers of the Google Walkout in 2018, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how discrimination and bias are influencing the development of artificial intelligence, and how tech workers are working to change their industry for the better....


Technology and the New World of Work
The reinvention of craftsmanship started in Silicon Valley, and it’s spreading and reshaping the rules of work. This is the thesis of Laetitia Vitaud’s latest book, “Du labeur à l’ouvrage (From Labor to Work)," which explores how technology is unbundling the Fordist compact between corporation and worker and forcing a new employment paradigm for the digital age....

Technology and the New World of Work
The reinvention of craftsmanship started in Silicon Valley, and it’s spreading and reshaping the rules of work. This is the thesis of Laetitia Vitaud’s latest book, “Du labeur à l’ouvrage (From Labor to Work, which explores how technology is unbundling the Fordist compact between corporation and worker and forcing a new employment paradigm for the digital age....

How Free-Market Economists Got It Wrong
Azeem Azhar and Binyamin Appelbaum discuss how a group of free-market economists managed to reshape our modern world. They promised growth and broad prosperity, but instead left us with fractured societies and weakened democracies. Appelbaum is the author of the new book, "The Economists’ Hour," a deep dive into the history of ideas that formed capitalism, as we know it....


Beyond Deep Learning with Gary Marcus
Gary Marcus has a reputation for being a contrarian in the AI community. Over the past several years, Marcus, a neuroscientist, entrepreneur, and the author of “Rebooting AI: Building Artificial Intelligence We Can Trust,” has been a vocal critic of deep learning as the best way forward for AI. Marcus joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the alternatives for building better machine intelligence....

AI and the Future of Warfare
Peace is fragile, especially when anyone can use open source technology to build a weapon to inflict harm, online and offline. General Sir Richard Barrons, former Commander of the UK’s Joint Forces Command, makes the case to Azeem Azhar that, as the definition of warfare is changing, we all need to take a more active role in stewarding peace....

Bubbles, Golden Ages, and Tech Revolutions
Economist Carlota Perez joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the life cycle of technology revolutions and how they ultimately change every aspect of society. Perez is optimistic about the future -- she explains how we can harness technology to foster green growth and global development....


Bubbles, Golden Ages, and Tech Revolutions
Economist Carlota Perez joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the life cycle of technology revolutions and how they ultimately change every aspect of society. Perez is optimistic about the future -- she explains how we can harness technology to foster green growth and global development....

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Creating an AI-First Business with Andrew Ng
Andrew Ng, former leader of Google’s and Baidu’s AI divisions, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how businesses should approach AI adoption, and how machine intelligence will change industries and our work....

Creating an AI-First Business with Andrew Ng
Andrew Ng, former leader of Google’s and Baidu’s AI divisions, joins Azeem Azhar to discuss how businesses should approach AI adoption, and how machine intelligence will change industries and our work....

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Tony Blair: Governing in the Age of AI
Tony Blair, former Prime Minister of the UK, joins Azeem Azhar in conversation about how the technology industry and policy makers can work together to amplify their potential to serve the public good. Regulating big tech, as Blair explains, is only a small part of the solution in a necessary effort to transform our society and economy for the exponential age....

Introducing Season 4
A sneak peak of the new season of Azeem Azhar’s Exponential View podcast. This is the show that bridges the gap between two cultures: technology & science on the one hand, and business & society on the other. Azeem’s conversations help you better understand how the tech revolution is changing our world. Season launch: Wednesday, October 2, 2019....

Introducing Season 4
A sneak peak of the new season of Azeem Azhar’s Exponential View podcast. This is the show that bridges the gap between two cultures: technology & science on the one hand, and business & society on the other. Azeem’s conversations help you better understand how the tech revolution is changing our world. Season launch: Wednesday, October 2, 2019....


Engineering Biology
Investors Carina Namih and Gigi Levy-Weiss come together with LabGenius founder James Field and science writer Oliver Morton to explore the opportunity of engineering biology to solve some of the world’s greatest challenges....

Governance in the Age of AI
Leading AI researchers De Kai and Joanna Bryson join Azeem Azhar to discuss the state of governance and accountability in the age of AI....

Disrupting the Insurance Industry with AI
Daniel Schreiber, Lemonade’s CEO and cofounder, joins Azeem to discuss how the company is using artificial intelligence to disrupt a legacy industry by realigning incentives with the values that customers care about....


Beneficial Artificial Intelligence
Stuart Russell, coauthor of the standard text on AI, “Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach,” joins Azeem Azhar to discuss the progress of AI research and implementation and how to ensure the outcomes are beneficial....

Surveillance Capitalism
“All digital infrastructure is used to shape human behavior in the direction that will be successful in the marketplace,” says Shoshana Zuboff, whose latest book, "The Age of Surveillance Capitalism," is a primer for understanding how technology companies are shaping our economy and society....

AI’s Near Future
Jürgen Schmidhuber is a recognized pioneer in the field of deep neural networks. His techniques form the basis of the modern AI systems used by billions of people daily on services like Google, Facebook, and the Apple iPhone. Jürgen joins Azeem to discuss the next thirty years of artificial intelligence....


The Autonomous Economy
W. Brian Arthur, one of the founders of the discipline of complexity economics, explores the impact artificial intelligence and automation will have on the economy....

Disrupting Finance
Citigroup leading analyst Ronit Ghose, Lemonade Insurance founder and CEO Daniel Schreiber, and OakNorth Bank founder and CEO Rishi Khosla discuss the new possibilities that AI offers the finance industry. Those who manage to use this emerging technology to reduce friction for customers will win....

Embedding AI in Business
Accenture’s Chief Technology and Innovation Officer, Paul Daugherty, discusses how to successfully integrate AI in your business: Do not think of it as bolt-on tech, but rather, as an opportunity to reimagine everything you do....


The Truth About Autonomy
“We’re not even close to developing fully driverless cars,” urges Duke University professor Missy Cummings, a former fighter pilot and the director of the Humans and Autonomy Lab at Duke. She explores where automation currently is and paints a picture of the future with humans as integral parts of autonomous systems....

AI and the Genetic Revolution
Theoretical physicist and founder of Genomic Prediction, Michigan State University senior vice president Stephen Hsu discusses the extraordinary developments in predictive genomics and digs into the ethical minefield that lies ahead: is the door now open to designer babies?...

When AI Meets Medicine
Eric Topol, the foremost expert in artificial intelligence in medicine, explores how the technology promises to revolutionize healthcare, making life better for both doctors and patients....


The Innovation Economy
World-renowned economist Mariana Mazzucato discusses the role of the state as a value creator and how we can apply mission-oriented models of innovation to solve today’s burning challenges....

Creating the Data Economy
AI researcher and entrepreneur Trent McConaghy discusses how blockchain will unlock the value of data by bridging the gap between the AI haves and have-nots and, in turn, helping to create the data economy....

Designing Responsible AI
University of Bath professor Joanna Bryson, a leading AI researcher, discusses the opportunities and consequences of developing human-like computational intelligence....


Investing in Disruptive Innovation
Investor Cathie Wood, one of Bloomberg’s 50 people who defined global business in 2018, discusses the five innovation platforms shaping our future and strategies for investing in them....

Technology Diffusion and the Rise of Asia
Parag Khanna, a leading international relations expert, recently published the new book "The Future Is Asian: Commerce, Conflict and Culture in the 21st Century." He talks about the law of technology diffusion, breaks common myths about Asia's development, and questions whether the future belongs to cities or nation-states....

Overcoming the Epistemic Crisis
Elif Shafak, an award-winning British-Turkish author and human rights activist, discusses the polarization of culture springing out of the foundations of the open internet, and the ways to tackle the pervasive issues in today's digital technology sphere....


Regulating the Cyberspace
Marietje Schaake, a Dutch politician and member of the European Parliament (MEP) from the Netherlands, talks to Azeem Azhar about the governance of cyberspace, the responsibility of technology companies, and the new era of geopolitical competition in cyberspace....

Making Sense of the Data-Rich World with Graph Databases
Emil Eifrem is the CEO and cofounder of Neo4j, the graph database platform powering some of the largest companies today. He is the creator of the property graph model, and he coined the term "graph database" to describe the technology that would change how we understand big data....

The State of Artificial Intelligence
Jack Clark, the policy director at OpenAI, discusses the state of artificial intelligence development, the geopolitics of technology, and the implications of automation on society....


Renewable Energy, Climate Change, and Technology
Michael Liebreich, a leading global expert on clean energy and transportation, discusses the significance of the U.S. National Climate Assessment and IPCC's report, the importance of staying below two degrees, and the role of exponential technologies in transitioning to renewables....

Diplomacy in the Tech Age
Casper Klynge, the world's first tech ambassador, with a global mandate and staff in Copenhagen, Silicon Valley, and Beijing, assesses the current alignment between some of the largest technology companies and nation-states and discusses the role of technology in fostering democracy and innovation....


Doughnut Economics, Rethinking Economics for the 21st Century
Kate Raworth, senior visiting research associate at Oxford University’s Environmental Change Institute, discusses the Doughnut economics framework as the essence of rethinking economics for a world inhabited by 10 billion people and hit by climate change and social justice struggles. Kate sets a vision for an equitable and sustainable future....

Space Innovation and Fixing the Earth
Anousheh Ansari, the world's first female private space explorer and the first Iranian astronaut in space, discusses the ways space development could help us tackle climate change and pollution and achieve sustainable crypto mining. She shares about her journey to become a space explorer, her time on the International Space Station, and her role as the CEO of XPrize....

The Future of Public Service and Governance
Lisa Witter, an award-winning executive, a serial entrepreneur, and the cofounder and executive chairman of Apolitical, discusses reviving trust in government, the road map for building the public service workforce of the future, and the role of agile in governance....


The Future of Work and Democracy in the Information Age
Matthew Taylor, the chief executive of the Royal Society of Arts, a UK organization committed to finding practical solutions to societal problems, discusses the well-being economy, the meaning of good work in an age of automation, and the state of democracy....

UBI, Automation, and Society in the U.S.
Andrew Yang, an entrepreneur and author who is standing for president in the 2020 U.S. election, discusses the core ideas behind his platform, why they are necessary, and how to get there....


Scaling Innovation
Entrepreneur and investor Elad Gil talks about Silicon Valley, scaling companies from 10 to 10,000 employees, the state of blockchain, and how blockchain and artificial intelligence will overlap....

AI, Warfare, and Global Security
Azeem Azhar and Dr. Mariarosaria Taddeo, deputy director of the Digital Ethics Lab at the Oxford Internet Institute, unpack the state of cybersecurity and warfare, the complex symbiosis between governments and criminal actors, and the ways digital technologies are changing cyber warfare....

Entrepreneurs, the Market, and the State
Azeem Azhar speaks with venture capitalist Bill Janeway about the three-player game between the mission-driven state, financial speculators, and markets in the innovation economy. Are we stuck on the dark side of this configuration? How do we move forward?...


China, an AI Superpower
Kai-Fu Lee, a VC investor, technology executive, and one of the most prominent figures in the Chinese internet sector and AI, discusses the Chinese government's techno-utilitarian approach to technology, the ambition of China's technology founders, and the future of job automation....

Hacking Democracy
We’ve experienced a manifestation of new behaviors, driven by the underlying shifts around the democratic process: the transition from broadcast media to niche media moderated by dominant social media platforms. Have these behaviors hacked our democracy? For better or for worse? Azeem discusses these questions with Carole Cadwalladr, Luciano Floridi, Hari Kunzru, Tom Loosemore....


The State of Machine Learning
Dr. Danny Lange, VP of AI and machine learning at Unity, discusses the role of machine learning technologies in revolutionizing the ways games are developed and monetized. Dr. Lange talks about the significance of the undergoing paradigm shift in computing, the OODA loop in machine learning, and what happens to software engineers when their trade becomes obsolete....

Code as the Key Driver of Human Development
Author Philip Auerswald talks about “code” in a broader meaning of the word — it is the “how” of human productivity, the manner in which we create, refine, and implement the infrastructure that forms a human society. The advancements of code, from the Neolithic era to the modern times, have driven identity and work reinvention....

Universal Basic Income
Scott Santens, a writer and an advocate for universal basic income, talks about why he believes “citizen's salary” is a necessary measure for our societies to deal with tech unemployment by providing an independent income floor....


How Music Could Take the Place of Drugs
Marko Ahtisaari, the CEO and cofounder of The Sync Project, presents ideas and projects born out of the vision that in the near future people will use non-drug modalities to heal, enhance well-being, and assist in therapy. He guides us through the recent experiment Unwind.ai, which uses your heart rate to select the tracks that will bring you peace of mind....

AI, Automation, and the Economy
Columbia University professor Jeffrey Sachs, one of the world’s foremost thinkers on economic development, talks about how technology has improved the lives of countless humans. He explores how automated systems will increasingly replace both routine and high-skill jobs....

Intimacy with Robots
Computer scientist Kate Devlin discusses robot intimacy and a new age of sex, relationships, and social life....


Homo Deus
Hebrew University of Jerusalem professor Yuval Harari and Azeem Azhar cover the compelling insights in his new book, "Homo Deus."...

The Future of Longevity
Philosopher and investor Dr. Shamil Chandaria investigates how we might live much longer lives and asks how we can make those lives more meaningful....

A Survey of Technology
A wide-ranging conversation on technology with Jason Pontin, editor-in-chief of MIT Technology Review. He touches on gene editing, Moore's Law, artificial intelligence, Facebook and fake news, and what ties all these disparate strands together....


The Wealth of Humans
Ryan Avent, economics columnist at The Economist, and Azeem Azhar explore issues around digital technologies and how they will continue to exponentially change the relationship between capital and labor....