Islamic History Podcast

Islamic History Podcast Podcast

We often overlook Islamic history as a learning tool. The history of Islam is not only important for Muslims, but important for everyone. Islam and the people who call themselves Muslims have made an enormous impact on our world. The Islamic History Podcast is about discovering that history in a fun and interesting way.

Thoughts
My thoughts and opinions about the killing of George Floyd, the subsequent protests, and race relations among American Muslims....

5-21: Russians And Ottomans
The history of conflict between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire is long, bloody, and complicated....

5-20: Submarines And Americans
Outnumbered and facing starvation, the Germans are getting desperate, and willing to risk bringing the US into the war....


5-19: Lloyd George And The Middle East
Frustrated with the government's poor war effort, the British public chooses a new leader. And he wants to make the defeat of the Ottomans a priority....

5-19: Lloyd George And The Middle East
Frustrated with the government's poor war effort, the British public chooses a new leader. And he wants to make the defeat of the Ottomans a priority....


5-16: Turks And Armenians
Ottoman-Armenian relations started to get really bad towards the end of the 19th century. But once the Great War started, they got even worse....


5-15: Sykes And Picot
With Sharif Hussein's promising to rebel against the Ottomans, the British and French have plans of their own. Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-Picot meet in London to discuss their vision of the future of the Middle East....

5-15: Sykes And Picot
With Sharif Hussein's promising to rebel against the Ottomans, the British and French have plans of their own. Mark Sykes and Francois Georges-Picot meet in London to discuss their vision of the future of the Middle East....

5-14: McMahon And Hussein
Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commission to Egypt, begins a deliberately vague series of letters with Sharif Hussein of Mecca....


5-14: McMahon And Hussein
Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commission to Egypt, begins a deliberately vague series of letters with Sharif Hussein of Mecca....

Bonus: Questions And Answers
In this episode, I answer some of the many questions that have come to me over the years at IHP. More interestingly, I discuss them while driving to Jumuah in Atlanta....


Bonus: Questions And Answers
In this episode, I answer some of the many questions that have come to me over the years at IHP. More interestingly, I discuss them while driving to Jumuah in Atlanta....


Bonus: The Schools Of Thought Part 1
Best of IHP. Bringing this one out of the archives. We'll be discussing the history of Islamic Schools of Thought, aka Madh-hab....

Bonus: Freemasons And Islam
Why are so many Muslims distrustful of the Freemasons? In this episode, we'll explore the history of Freemasons and their relationship, if any, to Islam. Support the Islamic History Podcast (and get exclusive content) by subscribing to our exclusive podcast on Patreon. Transcript for this episode available here....

5-13: France And Syria
The British have a problem as they can't keep their promises to Sharif Hussein and the French at the same time....


5-12: Al-Faruqi And The Arabs
A mysterious individual named Al-Faruqi is feeding misleading information to Sharif Hussein and the British....

5-11: Gallipoli And Stalemate
The British finally realize their Gallipoli campaign is futile and Winston Churchill takes the blame....

5-11: Gallipoli And Stalemate
The British finally realize their Gallipoli campaign is futile and Winston Churchill takes the blame....


5-9: Sir Mark Sykes And Arabia
Sir Mark Sykes goes to work for the British War Office and buys into Kitchener's idea of an Arab Caliphate....

5-9: Sir Mark Sykes And Arabia
Sir Mark Sykes goes to work for the British War Office and buys into Kitchener's idea of an Arab Caliphate....


5-7: Sarakamish And Suez
The Three Pashas lead the Ottomans into war and immediately face difficulty against the Russians and the British....


5-7: Sarakamish And Suez
The Three Pashas lead the Ottomans into war and immediately face difficulty against the Russians and the British....

5-6: India And Mecca
British India is not to crazy about Lord Kitchener's plan to create an "Arab Caliphate."...

5-6: India And Mecca
British India is not to crazy about Lord Kitchener's plan to create an "Arab Caliphate."...



5-3: The Ottomans And Germany
Germany's early victories convince the unprepared Ottomans to enter the conflict that will become World War I...


Bonus - Saladin 2
A bonus episode from the life of Salahudeen al-Ayyubi, aka Saladin. Plus an explanation....

Israel And Palestine Part I
We are going to the Israel-Palestine conflict, one of the most controversial subjects of your time. And in true fashion, we're going to try our best to avoid bias. This will be a multipart series. In this first episode, we discuss the history of the Jews and Arabs. We start from the biblical era and end up on the eve of WWI. More episodes about Palestine are available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Palestine. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by becoming a patron at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory....


Israel And Palestine Part I
We are going to the Israel-Palestine conflict, one of the most controversial subjects of your time. And in true fashion, we're going to try our best to avoid bias. This will be a multipart series. In this first episode, we discuss the history of the Jews and Arabs. We start from the biblical era and end up on the eve of WWI. More episodes about Palestine are available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Palestine. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by becoming a patron at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory....

Israel and Palestine Clip
A brief clip of an upcoming episode about the Israel-Palestine conflict. The episode (when it eventually comes out) will be about the history of the Jews and the history of the Arabs up to WWI. This clip is an excerpt from the upcoming episode and discusses the history of the Arabs (and Islam)....

Israel and Palestine Clip
A brief clip of an upcoming episode about the Israel-Palestine conflict. The episode (when it eventually comes out) will be about the history of the Jews and the history of the Arabs up to WWI. This clip is an excerpt from the upcoming episode and discusses the history of the Arabs (and Islam)....


Talking Pakistan
In this episode, I sit down with Br. Zulfikar Sarosh and discuss more details about Pakistan's history. Most importantly, we dig into the history of Kashmir and the possible future for this troubled region. Support the Islamic History podcast by becoming a Patreon subscriber (and get a lot of bonus episodes!)...

Pakistan And Partition Part II
We'll continue the journey of Partition as the Indian subcontinent becomes two new nations. The All-India Muslim League is in a desperate struggle for relevancy. They have to prove to Britain, the Indian National Congress, and India's Muslim, that they are a political force....

Pakistan And Partition Part 1
This episode explores how Islam came to Pakistan. Then we'll take a look at the British government that ruled the Indian subcontinent for over a hundred years. Finally, we'll look at the political developments as Indian Muslims and Hindus try to gain an upper hand in the fight for independence. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by doing one (or more) of the following: Give a monthly pledge on Patreon Subscribe on iTunes Share with your friends and family...


Fall Of The Ottomans 12
To deal with the growing importance of affairs in the Middle East, the British create a new department called the Arab Bureau....

Fall Of The Ottomans 11
The British landing at Gallipoli goes from bad to worse. The Ottomans are showing the British it will not be so easy to conquer their territory. Meanwhile, back in London, the British politicians are looking for a scapegoat. Show notes: IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Ottoman11...


The Slander Of Imam Bukhari
A discussion about emotional intelligence leads to a story about the Mihna (Inquisition) by Muslims against other Muslims which then leads to an instance of slander against a great scholar....

Zayd And Zaynab (Encore)
This is an encore episode about the marriage and divorce of the companions Zayd and Zaynab. This event is often used by anti-islamics to vilify Prophet Muhammad. They say the Prophet made this up in order to marry Zaynab. The reason for this scandal comes from several weak reports from Muslim sources. Get all of the archived episodes (and lots of new ones) by becoming a Patreon subscriber at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory...

Fall Of The Ottomans 10
The British are confident and optimistic about their upcoming battle in the Dardanelles. But they don't know the Ottomans have not done fighting....


A Conversation About Pakistan
We're trying something new today. I sit down with my teenage daughter Balquis and talk about a lot of random things. But we do eventually get around to talking about Pakistan. You can support the Islamic History Podcast by becoming a sponsor at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory....

Fall Of The Ottomans Part 9
With Britain advancing on the Dardanelles, Russia is concerned they'll lose their claim to Istanbul. Meanwhile, a young British politician named Mark Sykes is busy drawing up new borders for a future Middle East. Of course, this future is based on Britain's interests....

The Three A's Of Pakistan
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan was born on August 14, 1947, with the partition of British India. This partition divided the former British colony into two nations, India and Pakistan. There is a saying in Pakistan that the country is run by the Three A’s: Allah, the army and America. In this episode, we will explore the role each of these factors have had in the development and history of Pakistan. Show notes available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Pakistan. Support the Islamic History Podcast by visiting ...


The Three A's Of Pakistan
I've always had the question: "What's up with Pakistan?" Why does the country always face stability even though it has several advantages? Why hasn't it progressed as much socially and economically as its neighbor, India? Turns out, Pakistan is run by three A's: Allah, Army, and America. In this incomplete episode, we'll take a look at the first "A", Allah. Let's discover the role the religion of Islam has played in Pakistan....

Fall Of The Ottomans Part 8
The British and other European powers are locked in a stalemate on the western front. The British are looking for a way to break through. Lord Kitchener and Winston Churchill decide to attack the Ottoman Empire through the Dardanelles Strait. The Brits are hoping this will make it possible to outflank the Germans and bring the war to a close. Show notes available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/bonus8 Support the Islamic History Podcast by subscribing to exclusive content on Patreon.com/IslamicHistory....


Fall Of The Ottomans 7
The Young Turks are ruining the Ottoman Empire both at home and on the battlefield. Enver Pasha, against all advice, leads an attack on the Russian base at Sarakamish in Western Armenia. It's bad enough he uses outdated Napoleonic tactics. It's even worse he doesn't learn from Napoleon's failures in Russia. Meanwhile, Djemal Pasha leads an army to attack the British at the Suez Canal. But he has no idea how to actually get across the Canal. Support the Islamic History Podcast at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory. ...

Fall Of The Ottomans 6
British officials in India are not too pleased by Kitchener's proposal to create an Arab Caliph. They know what he doesn't know; most Arab rulers either don't care about the Caliph or don't want one ruling over them. Meanwhile, Sharif Hussein ibn Ali has his hands full. He has to outmaneuver several adversaries including the Young Turks, Arab nationalists, and the growing threat to the east under Abdul Aziz ibn Saud. Show notes available at: IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/bonus6 Support the show by becoming a ...

Fall Of The Ottomans 5
The British are looking for Muslim allies to help them fight against the Ottomans. Some prominent Arabs within the Empire are alienated by the nationalism of the Young Turks. Hussein ibn Ali, the Sharif of Mecca, might be the perfect ally for the British. Perhaps he'd be willing to let the British help him become the new Caliph of the Arabs? After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Bonus5 You can support the Islamic History Pod...


Bonus: Seerah 41
A bonus episode from our Seerah podcast. In this episode, we discuss the conversion of Adi ibn Hatim....

The First Black Muslims In America Part II
In the second and final part of this series, we'll discuss some of the major contributors to the spread of Islam among African-Americans. These will include Muhammed Ezeldine, Sheikh Daoud Faisal, and Wallace Mohammed. Show notes available at: IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/BHM19-2...

The First Black Muslims In America
A look at some of the African Muslims brought to the United States at Slaves. We discover the origins of the American slave trade and what some Muslim Africans were able to do to overcome their demeaning circumstances. Become a patron of the show by visiting Patreon.com/IslamicHistory. Show notes available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/BHM19...


Fall Of The Ottomans 4
Lord Kitchener is the British Secretary of War, but he'd much rather be in Egypt. He and his British counterparts in the Middle East believe they understand their Arab and Muslim subjects. This false assumption starts Kitchener on a dark path. Meanwhile, the French have their eyes on Syria. They're concerned British ambitions might lead them to take this prize the French believe is rightfully theirs. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicHistor...

Fall Of The Ottomans 3
Most of the Ottoman government opposes getting involved in the European war. But there are three members of the Young Turks, known as the "The Three Pashas" are intent on driving the Empire into the war. Leading the charge, is the Ottoman Minister of War, Enver Pasha. With the early German victories, Enver is convinced now is the time for the Ottomans to join the fight. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/bonus3 Here's some ...

Fall Of The Ottomans 2
As the prospects of war begin to develop across Europe, the Ottoman Empire finds itself in a difficult situation. Their strategic location gives them a decided advantage. However, their economic and military weakness means they will need protection. The Ottomans go looking for an ally to protect them against Russia and the Balkan states. But they see an opportunity to strengthen their position while keeping their trues intentions hidden. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Sh...


Fall Of The Ottomans 1
In the early 20th century, the Ottoman Empire is known as the "Sick man of Europe." It is big but weak. The other European powers assume they'll eventually have to take over much of the empire's lands. The Committee for Unity and Progress hopes to salvage the dignity of the Empire. They see the warning signs and know the Empire's days are numbered if things don't change. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at IslamicHistoryPodcast.com/Bonus1 Here's some...

The Shah And The Ayatollah Part II
The Shah of Iran is unknowingly planting the seeds of rebellion. His secret police stifle political dissent. He's dismissive of the religious community. He ignorant the effects of his economic policies.  Meanwhile, Ayatollah Khomeini is in exile but slowly building his base and sharpening his message. Despite his advanced age, he's confident the people of Iran want more than the Shah's empty materialism. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at IslamicLea...

The Shah And The Ayatollah Part I
Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi became the Shah of Iran at twenty-two years of age. He would go from a powerless figurehead to one of the most powerful monarchs in the region. However, the Shah was brought down by an obscure Shiite scholar name Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. In this episode, we'll start to discover the history behind the 1979 Iranian Revolution. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at:  http://islamiclearningmaterials.com/Iran1 Here's some of w...


Burma And The Rohingya
The Rohingya Muslims of Myanmar (formerly Burma) are one of the most persecuted people's on the globe. They are not wanted in Burma nor in any other country. Hundreds of thousands of Rohingya live as refugees in Bangladesh and other countries. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Burma Here's some of what you'll find: The transcript for this episode Links to the Muslim Podcast of the Week Links to other related resources...

islam san suu myanmar burma aung kyi muslims rohingya

The Songhai Empire: Sunni Ali And Askia Muhammad
This is the third and final episode on the series about Islam in West Africa. As the Mali Empire declines, another is on the rise. In the forgotten city of Gao, the Sunni Dynasty emerges to make the Songhay Empire the dominant force in West Africa. This is done by two very different men. Sunni Ali is a brutal conqueror who strikes fear in the people he conquers. The other is Askia Muhammad, a former slave who rises to become the hope of the Songhay Empire. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show N...

The Mali Empire: Sundiata And Mansa Musa
This is the second episode in our series on Islam in West Africa. In this episode, we're going to explore the origins of the Empire of Mali. We'll also take a look at two of its most popular rulers: Sundiata and Mansa Musa. Sundiata is mostly known through the Epic of Sundiata. While Mansa Musa is mostly known because of his famous Hajj pilgrimage. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page.  The Show Notes are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Mali Here's some of what you'll find:...


Gao And Ghana
The first in a series to look at the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. In this episode, we will introduce the series and take an in-depth look at the city-state of Gao and the rise and fall of the Ghana Empire. We'll also discuss one of the more complicated and difficult topics in Islam: African Slavery. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ghana Here's some of what you'll find: The transcript of this episode Social me...

Yemen And The Houthis Part II
With Sana'a under Houthi control, the beleaguered Yemeni government calls out for help. They request military intervention from the GCC nations. Saudi Arabia leads a charge to remove the Houthis from the capital and restore President Hadi to power. But the Houthis have not gotten this far by accident. They are on a mission, and they are determined to see it through. In this episode, we'll see the repercussions of the Saudi-led air campaign against the Houthis. We'll get a peek at the international community...

Yemen And The Houthis Part I
In September 2014, the Houthis captured the Yemeni capital of Sanaa. A few months later, Saudi Arabia launched a campaign to remove the Houthis and reinstall President Abdrabuh Mansur Hadi to power. The Saudi-led coalition has pummeled Yemen with airstrikes, leading to thousands of deaths. Many people blame Saudi Arabia for the high death toll in Yemen, but what role did the Houthis play? Who are the Houthis in the first place? And how did they rise to power in Yemen? This episode explores the history of Ye...


The Slander Against Aisha
Aisha, the Prophet's wife, is the victim of salacious gossip and rumors. With no one else to help her, she realizes she can only rely on Allah. Meanwhile, Prophet Muhammad must work hard to keep his small community together. Even though the leader of the hypocrites, Abdullah ibn Ubayy, will do everything to make him fail. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ifk Here's some of what you'll find: The transcript for this ep...

Bonus: Anglo-Afghan War Part 3
The British have to flee Afghanistan under terrible conditions. They must trek through harsh winter mountains while dodging angry Afghans from all sides....


3-10: Mecca And Medina
Instead of bringing peace, the Umayyad victory at Karbala brings even more instability to the Empire. Now the Muslims of Mecca and Medina are more determined than ever to shake off the Umayyad yoke. In Mecca, Abdullah ibn Zubayr is quietly building his support. He refuses to openly oppose Banu Umayyah, but everyone knows he's up to something. In Medina, Yazid is quickly losing his grip. Everything he does turns the Muslims of Medina against him even more. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show No...

3-9: Sunnis And Shias
A brief overview of the similarities and differences between Sunni and Shia....


3-8: Husayn And Karbala Part 2
Husayn and his group are trapped at Karbala. He tries to negotiate with Banu Umayyah, but it goes nowhere. This episode explores one of the most tragic and pivotal events in Islamic history. With this episode, the political faction known as Shi'atu Ali become the Shia religious sect. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Karbala2 Here's some of what you'll find: The transcript for this episode Links to the Muslim Podcast ...

3-7: Husayn And Karbala Part 1
Husayn is unaware of the fate of his cousin, Muslim ibn Aqeel, in Kufah. The last thing Husayn knew, the Shia in Kufah were waiting for him. With this knowledge, Husayn leaves Mecca with several members of his family, including women and children. But things are not good in Kufah. Ubaydullah, the governor of Kufah, is ready for Husayn and has sent Umar ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas with an army of 4000 men to greet him. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at:...

3-6: Muslim And Ubaydullah
Husayn sends his cousin, Muslim ibn Aqil, to see if he really does have support in Kufah. However, Yazid ibn Muawiyyah also sent his ruthless governor, Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad. The two men struggle for the heart and soul of this troubled city. Click the links below to share The Islamic History Podcast with your friends and family. Facebook Twitter Google Plus LinkedIn And support the Islamic History Podcast with a pledge on Patreon....


3-5: Husayn And Ibn Zubayr
Muawiyyah dies and as planned, his son Yazid succeeds him as Caliph. But there are many people in the Muslim Empire who do not agree with this. Two of them are Husayn ibn Ali and Abdullah ibn Zubayr. They refuse to give Yazid the pledge and flee to Mecca. Ibn Zubayr begins to build alliances there while Husayn is being courted by the people of Kufah. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Husayn Here's some of what you'll f...

3-4: Muawiyyah And The Caliphate
Muawiyyah and his administration have subdued the Muslim Empire. Most of Iraq has settled down and his detractors have fell silent. But Muawiyyah is concerned about the future. What's going to happen when he's gone? The Caliph conspires with his governors to turn the Caliphate to a monarchy. Muawiyyah does not believe the old ways of choosing the next Caliph works. He believes it needs to become a family affair. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at: I...

3-3: Muawiyyah And Hujr
The Umayyads had the practice of cursing Ali during their sermons. Many of the party of Ali did not like that. One of these men was Hujr ibn Adi, a companion and commander in Ali's army. When he heard the Umayyads cursing Ali, he would shout at them and to make them stop. But Ziyad ibn Abihi, the governor of Kufah and Basra, would not tolerate such defiance. He decided to find Hujr and make an example of him for others This episode chronicles the story of Hujr ibn Adi and one of the early incidents that led...


3-2: Muawiyyah And Ziyad
Basra is starting to slip out of control with rampant crime and too much rebellion. Muawiyyah is ready to bring in someone new; however, this new guy has a scandalous past. In this episode we're introduced to Ziyad ibn Abihi, Muawiyyah's brutal governor of Basra. We'll see how Ziyad rises from obscurity to become the second most powerful man in the Empire. After the show is over, be sure to visit the Show Notes page. The Show Notes are available at IslamicLearningMaterials.com/Ziyad Here's some of what y...

3-1: Muawiyyah and The Khawarij
Welcome back to another season of the Islamic History Podcast! In this season, we're going to mostly cover the Umayyad Dynasty. The first several episodes will be focused on the founder of this dynasty, Muawiyyah ibn Abi Sufyan. Today's episode is an introduction to Syria and Kufah during this period. We'll take a look at the challenges the new Muslim Caliph had to face in the never ending Khawarij threat. We'll discover how the early Muslim administrations were governed and some amazing details you probabl...

2-21: Ali And The Khawarij
As Ali struggled against the Khawarij, his grip on the Caliphate began to slip. Support the podcast by making a pledge at Patreon.com/IslamicHistory...


2-20: Ali And Muawiyyah
After defeating Aisha at the Battle of the Camel, Ali held most of the Islamic Empire. The only holdout, was Muawiyyah, the powerful governor of Syria. But things soon started to unravel for Ali. He was having trouble maintaining control of Egypt, and Muawiyyah was making some strong allies. Nonetheless, the two parties engaged in rigorous negotiations in the hopes of avoiding warfare. Despite these attempts, fighting looked inevitable. As the year 36 AH drew to a close, Ali began moving his forces toward t...

2-19: Ali and Basra
Talhah and Zubair pledged allegiance to Ali ibn Abi Talib on the condition that he find and punish those responsible for murdering Uthman. But after several months, not much progress had been made. In fact, many of those who were known opponents of Uthman, were now working with Ali. Because of this, many of the influential companions did support him. One of those who did not support Ali was the Prophet's widow, Aisha. She had cobbled together a force with the intention of punishing Uthman's killers. Talhah ...

2-18: Ali And Aisha
Ali's Caliphate was already in trouble. The Umayyah clan was suspicious of him. Muawiyyah refused to acknowledge his leadership. There were gangs of bandits were roaming through Medina. And many companions refused to support him. And to make things worse, Aisha, the Prophet's widow, was stirring things up in Mecca. Aisha was outraged that Uthman's killers were still on the loose in Medina. She decided to take matters into her own hands. She rallied the people of Mecca and organized a group to find those res...


2-17: Uthman and Murder
For several years, there had been a low level of discontent in the Muslim empire. While most of the inhabitants were happy, there were a significant number who were not. Caliph Uthman had already spoken to his governors to try to get a handle on what was happening. Though they had many ideas, no one came up with a decision to fix the problem. So Uthman decided to hold another meeting, but this everyone was invited. He hoped to speak with the malcontents directly and see what was happening. The meeting was s...

2-16: Uthman and the People
Many people mark the beginning of Uthman's troubles with the loss of the Prophet's rings. But things really got bad for Uthman when he lost the support of the esteemed companion, Ammar ibn Yasir. The antagonism against Uthman was growing in three main locations: Egypt, Kufah, and Basrah. The rest of the empire was calm and had no problems with his administration. No matter how what Uthman did, he could not get to the bottom of their malcontent. These mysterious complaints against have led some to believe a ...

2-15: Uthman and The Quran
One of the most troublesome spots in the Muslim world was the Iraqi city of Kufah. The people were fickle, restless, and never satisfied with their governor. Uthman had to change their governor no less than three times. Uthman's popularity took another hit during the Hajj of 649. Seemingly inconsequential actions had major repercussions. But the most important event during this period was the one that would bring the most benefit. Upon discovering the message of the Quran was in danger of being diluted and ...


2-14: Uthman And Abu Dharr
Uthman has been accused of often appointing his family members to high positions. And in many instances that was true. But some of his appointments were still very good, even if they were related to him. An example of that is Muawiyyah ibn Abu Sufyan. In addition to finding favor with the Prophet of Islam, Muawiyyah was a competent governor of Syria. One of his earliest successes was the building of the first Muslim navy. But he would run into trouble when another companion, Abu Dharr, begins to criticize t...

2-13: Uthman And Egypt
Uthman Ibn Affan has always been compared to others. Both during his lifetime and after, he has been compared to the Caliph that came before him and the one that would come after him. There are many factors that contributed to his popularity among a small segment of the Muslim society. Some of them were based on decisions that Uthman made. But some things were out of his control, such as: Not as many conquests as before Minority Muslim Arabs ruling over a conquered, non-Muslim people. Economic strain from ...

2-12: Assassination And Election
We're back! After a long hiatus we discuss the assassination of Umar ibn Al-Khattab and the choice of Uthman as the 3rd Caliph of the Muslim world. Show notes available at islamiclearningmaterials.com/election...


2-11: Nihavand And Caltrops
By 641, the Muslims had captured most of the Southwestern part of the Persian Empire. This area contained the best and most fertile lands and would be modern day Iraq, Kuwait, and parts of northwestern Iran. As mentioned previously, Umar had grown weary of all the fighting and was grateful for their current holdings. However, the Persian pride was wounded and they couldn't accept a peace treaty with the Muslims. Emperor Yesdijird made his base in Nihavan and began to build another army to attack the Muslims...

2-10: Alexandria And Fustat
The Muslims arrived at Alexandria in July 641 It was perhaps the most magnificent and biggest city they've encountered so far Alexandria was founded by the Greek general Alexander the Great and is named after him In Arabic it is called Al-Iskandariyah Alexander meant for it to be a great center of Hellenistic culture However Alexander left the city under the command of one of his generals soon after founding it. Then he went back on the warpath and never came back At one point, it was the second most import...

2-9: 'Amr And Cyrus
The Romans, either from fear or incompetence, had done little to stop Amr during this time Finally, they had to march out from Babylon to meet Amr near Heliopolis and try to drive him from Egypt for good Amr's spies told him of their movements and he planned to go out to meet them in battle. But during the night he sent out two smaller forces; one in the hills overlooking the plains...Continue Reading...


2-8: Copts And Egypt
In 451, 115 years before Prophet Muhammad, several men representing various facets of Christianity met in Chalcedon in modern Turkey. They were discussing how to define the true nature of Christ. They believed he was divine, yet he lived and died like a man. 3 weeks later, they decided Jesus Christ had two natures in one: he was both God and man. Any Christians who deviated from this belief were declared heretics which immediately led to a schism in the Church While most Catholics and Eastern Orthodox Chris...

islam egypt byzantine coptic copts

2-7: Plague And Famine
In 639, a plague broke out, originating in Nicopolis, or Imwas, in the modern state of Israel. The city no longer exists as it was destroyed by Israeli army during Six Day war. It is estimated around 20000 people died from this plague. Among them were many prominent Sahabas. The most well-knonw of all was Abu Ubaidah, the general that succeeded KIW in Syria Another companion was Muadh ibn Jabal - most famous for these instructions he received from Prophet Muhammad before embarking to Syria Continue reading...

plague islam umar muslims famine caliph jizya

2-6: 636 and 637 CE
Battle of Qadisiyyah was more devastating for the Persians than the Battle of Yarmouk was for the Romans Their defeat at Qadisiyyah left the Persian capital exposed to Muslim forces However, the Roman capital was hundreds of miles away in Constantinople and very safe from Muslim forces The Romans still had the ability to wage war against the Muslims However, the Persians were now just trying to survive We'll look at the events in Syria after Yarmouk first, and then take a look at Persia after Qadisiyyah...

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2-5: Yarmouk And Qadisiyyah
- Where we are so far -- In 632 CE Prophet Muhammad died and Abu Bakr was chosen by the residents of Medina as the Caliph -- Soon after, several of the Arab tribes that were allied with the Prophet rebelled against Abu Bakr -- Abu Bakr and his general KIW led a successful campaign to bring these tribes back in line -- These were known as the Ridda, or Apostasy Wars -- Abu Bakr commanded KIW to begin an invasion of southern Persia. -- KIW was successful and conquered most of the area around the Euphrates Riv...

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2-4: Umar and Syria
In many ways, it was more of an organized mob. There were no uniforms and no ranks. - Commanders were appointed at will, generally based on accomplishment or tribal position. - Their weapons was whatever they could find. Many of them came from defeated Persian and Roman soldiers - Most armies have to deal with supplies and feeding thousands of people. Many of the soldiers traveled with their families - The Arabs didn't have that problem as they carried their food with them and were used to living on very li...

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2-3: Khalid And Persia
Two major empires in the area at this time: Persian and Byzantine - Persian culture and power goes far back into Biblical times, even before Cyrus the Great (islamiclearningmaterials.com/gogandmagog) - Once conquered by Alexander the Great - Went through several dynastic changes - Sassanid Empire was the last non-Muslim Persian dynasty - Came into power 400 years before Prophet's birth - By the time Prophet was in Medina, Sassanid Empire was going through political turmoil and very weak Continue reading......

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2-2: Apostasy And War
Reasons for rebellion  - False prophets  - Unwilling to pay Zakah  - Dislike of central authority  - Not fully invested in Islam - Abu Bakr's five step plan  1. Protect Medina and hold out until Usamah returns with army  2. When Usamah returns divide the army and send them to different parts of Arabian Peninsula  3. Retake central-western Arabia creating a safe zone around Medina  4. Concentrate on the big players (false prophets) and then take on Musailamah  5. When the center's pacified, focus on smaller ...

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2-1: Abu Bakr And The Caliphate
Welcome to a new season of the Islamic History Podcast. In this season, we're going to cover the first 100 years of history after Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) death. We will discuss the last days of the Prophet's life as well as the election of Abu Bakr to be his successor. Additionally, we will also see how the Wars of Apostasy began....

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